Orthodontics is a special discipline of dentistry concerned with aligning the teeth and jaws to improve one”s smile and oral health. A dentist usually recommends braces to improve the person”s physical appearance. Through orthodontic treatment, problems like crooked or crowded teeth, bites, incorrect jaw position and disorders of the jaw joints are corrected.
Orthodontic treatment can be done at nearly any age. An ideal time for placement of braces is between 10 and 14 years of age. Braces aren”t just for kids. More and more adults are also wearing braces to correct minor problems and to improve their smiles.
What kind of braces will I have to wear?
Your dentist will know what appliance is best for your particular problem, but the patient often has a choice. Braces most popular type are brackets, metal or plastic, ceramic that are bonded to teeth and are far less noticeable. Wires are used to move the teeth to the desired position.
That depends upon your particular problem and treatment plan. The more complicated your spacing or bite problem is, and the older you are, the longer the period of treatment, usually. Most patients can count on wearing full braces between 18 and 30 months, followed by the wearing of a retainer for at least a few months to set and align tissues surrounding straightened teeth.
What about home care of my teeth with braces?
With braces, oral hygiene is more important than ever. Braces have tiny spaces where food particles and plaque get trapped. Brush carefully after every meal with toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Rinse thoroughly and check your teeth in the mirror to make sure they”re clean. Insufficient cleaning while wearing braces can cause enamel staining around brackets or bands.
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